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Hardi Prasetyo : KILAS BALIK ‘SEGITIGA MASALEMBO ANTARA TRAGEDI KEMANUSIAAN ’TAMPOMAS’ DENGAN INSPIRASI ILMU KEBUMIAN’

2008 April 10
by admin

Dalam menyambut setahun BPLS, PAk Hardi Prasetyo dari BPLS kembali menuliskan makalah sains. Walaupun kali ini Pak Hardi Prasetyo berbicara soal Tampomas di Segitiga Masalembo, namun semangat bahwa didalam setiap kebencanaan akan muncul pemikir-pemikir baru yang akan bermanfaat.

Beliau sebagai anggota BPLS mengajak kita untuk tidak berhenti berpikir pada apa penyebab Semburan Lumpur Sidoarjo saja tetapi juga meneliti fenomena alam ini sebagai wacana ilmiah

:( “Wah Pakdhe, Sepertinya penelitian ilmiah dengan tragedi Lusi ini memang diteruskan ya Pakdhe ?” :D “Betul Thole, Pak Menteri Teknologi Kusmayanto yang secara politis menyatakan Lusi sebagai bencana alam jtidak boleh brenti disini saja. Beliau justru menjadi orang yang bertanggung jawab untuk meneruskan dan mendukung penelitian ilmiah soal Lusi ini, Thole”

Kali ini Pak Hardi melakukan flash back atau klias balik bagaimana beliau selalu dihadapkan pada tragedi ketika sedang berpikir ilmiah.

KILAS BALIK ‘SEGITIGA MASALEMBO ANTARA TRAGEDI KEMANUSIAAN ’TAMPOMAS’ DENGAN INSPIRASI ILMU KEBUMIAN’ DALAM UPAYA MENCARI ‘MIGAS’ SEBAGAI SUMBER DAYA ALAM TAK TERBARUKAN DI KAWASAN FRONTIER

Sekilas saya membaca satu kata kunci ’TAMPOMAS’ pada dongeng di atas yang juga dapat dikaitkan judul besar ‘Segitiga Masalembo’ Respon atas Komentar oleh EG Giwangkara S — 17 Januari 2007 #

Sumber Tempointeraktif Judul tersebut mengingatkan kenangan masalau yaitu dengan kejadian ’TRAGEDI TAMPOMAS’ Musibah Terbakar dan Tenggelamnya Kapal Penumpang Tampomas II di segitiga Masalembo.

Pada Tragedi Kemanusiaan Tampomas II tersebut saya bersama sahabat lama saya Dr. Herry Haryono (sekarang Deputi di LIPI) sebagai saksi sejarah (historical fact). Saat itu kami sedang melakukan survei marine geosciences (seismic refraction, reflection, graviy, megnetic) di Selat Makasar dengan Kapal Riset Sonne (Jerman), selanjutnya kita mendapatkan sinyal SOS..SOS. Ringkasnya dari rekaman dari even itu selanjutnya adalah:

1) Bagaimana kapten kapal riset Sonne untuk memutuskan pilihan Ekspedisi seismik refleksi harus segera dihentikan (termination), di sisi lain para geoscientist dari Jerman saat itu masih memikirkan apakan SAR bisa ditunda sampai selesainya satu lintasan survei?

2) Bagaimana Kapten Kapal segera membuat keputusan segera rubah haluan kapal menuju tempat ’tragedi TAMPOMAS’ di Segitiga Masalembo, persiapan2 yang dilakukan (crew, scientists, dokter, peserta Indonesia, pembagian tugas,

3) Melakukan SAR di lokasi, bagaimana standar operation prosedure diterapkan,

4) Mendapatkan dari laut 25 korban, dimana satu diantaranya masih hidup, dan bagaimana treatment dilakukan dibawah koordinasi tim medis, termasuk melakukan kami melakukan wawancara untuk lebih menelusiri apa yang terjadi sebelum, saat kebakaran, saat ia memutuskan untuk terjun dan tidak melakukan upaya apaun selain ’keep floating’ sambil membacakan ’Allahu Akbar’!,

5) Bagaimana dokter mengidentifikasi korban ’telah menjadi mayat’ dengan cermat, penuh rasa kemanusiaan, dan menyusun data base,

6) Bagaimana momen penting ketika saya dan Herry Haryono akhirnya dapat mengidentifikasi bahwa salah satu dari 25 korban tersebut adalah Almarhumah Kapten Tampomas II , Abdul Rivai, yang akhirnya jenasah yang sudah dimakamkan dibongkar kembali untuk akhirnya disemayakan di Makam Pahlawan.

Segitiga Masa Lembo sangat berarti bagi saya pribadi sebagai salah satu insan ilmuwan kebumian saat itu, ketika akhirnya tahun 1995 saya mendapatkan kehormatan yang sangat bernilai dari Pemerintah khususnya melalui Dewan Riset Nasional (DRN) dan Menristek, dimana saya telah dikukuhkan sebagai Peneliti Terbaik Indonesia , dalam bidang Ilmu Kebumian, dalam Kerangka Riset Unggulan Terpadu (RUT). Dengan orasi ilmiah berjudul PERKEMBANGAN GEOLOGI & TEKTONIK “DOANG BORDERLAND” DAN CEKUNGAN SPERMONDE, LEPAS PANTAI SULAWESI SELATAN, KAWASAN TIMUR INDONESIA (KTI): Implikasi Terhadap Prospek Hidrokarbon. LAMPIRAN 1

Demikian pula sebelumnya saya patut bangga karena salah satu karya pemikiran telah diterima oleh Indonesian Petroleum Association tahun 1992 untuk dipresentasikan dimana wilayah cakupan termasuk Selat Makassar, Segitiga Masalembo, dengan judul THE BALI FLORES BASIN: GEOLOGICAL TRANSITION FROM EXTENSIONAL TO SUBSEQUENT COMPRESSIONAL DEFORMATION. Sebagai catatan pada makalah ini saya sudah menampilkan penemuan fenomena ’mud diapirsm and mud volcanism, dan memperkenalkan ’Bali Fold” sebagai wujud struktur ekstrusi pada rezim tektonik kompresif terhadap sedimen ’overpressure’. Mud diapir dan Mud Volcano juga diketemukan di Flores Thrust Zone sebagaimana dideteksi pada Citra Mozaik SEAMARC II dan rekaman seismik refleksi berfrekuensi tinggi (water gun).LAMPIRAN 2.

Saya juga telah mengembangkan pemikiran pada tataran global (new global tectonics) ketika dalam satu bulan pelayaran di Zona Kerjasama Celah Timor (Timor Gap Zone of Cooperation) menggunakan Kapal Rig Seismic milik AGSO (Australian Geological Survey Organisation), saat itu saya menjadi wakil Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Joint Research ‘deep seismic profiles’ untuk mendalami arsitektur struktur dalam (deep structural architecture) Celah Timor untuk mendukung eksplorasi Migas, saya mendapat inspirasi untuk menyusun tulisan ilmah yang intinya membuat perbandingan perkembangan tektonik antara Doang Borderland di Segitiga Masalembo yang merupakan bagian dari ‘Eastern Sunda Shield Margin’ dengan Cekungan Bonaparte merupakan ‘Southwest Australian continental margin’. Paper ini COMPARISON OF THE BONAPARTE BASIN, TIMOR SEA AND SOUTHWEST SULAWESI MARGIN, EASTERN INDONESIA saya tulis bersama rekan dari Australia Chris Pigram, kita presentasikan pada pertemuan CCOP di Bali? LAMPIRAN 3.

Nah, ternyata dari Misteri Masalembo (Barmudanya Indonesia) dan khuusnya ‘TRAGEDI KEMANUSIAAN TAMPOMAS’ telah melahirkan beberapa pemikiran inovasi dan kreatif di bidang Ilmu Kebumian, bahkan saya mendapatkan gelar ‘Peneliti Terbaik Indonesia bidang Kebumian versi DRN’.

Sari makalah atau makalah lengkap bila mungkin akan saya tempatkan pada situs, yang segera akan saya diluncurkan dikaitkan dengan umur satu tahun Badan Pelaksana, Badan Penanggulangan Lumpur Sidoarjo (BAPEL BPLS), dimana saya saat ini terlibat, dan berupaya berkontribusi.

Bagi yang berminat untuk mendapatkan makalah silahkan hubungi saya pada samenergi@yahoo.com.

Salam Hormat

Hardi Prasetyo

‘DIRGAHAYU BAPEL BPLS 8 APRIL 2007-2008’ BERORIENTASI KE DEPN MENUJU SOLUSI YANG KOMPREHENSIF, INTEGRAL DAN HOLISTIK

====================================
LAMPIRAN 1:
THE “DOANG BORDERLAND SYSTEM” IN THE SOUTHEAST SUNDA SHIELD MARGIN:IMPLICATIONS FOR SEDIMENTARY BASIN FORMATION: Hardi Prasetyo

ABSTRACT: Digital and analog seismic reflection & refraction, gravity, drill-holes, side-scan mosaic of SeaMARC II (seafloor mapping system), and Airborne Laser Flourecensor (ALF) data from industry and non-industry sources provide an excellent DataBase with which to determine the geologic and tectonic development of the “Doang Borderland System” (DBS) in the Eastern Indonesia.
DBS is a remarkable northeast-southwest and west-east morpho-structural orientation of ridges and deep basins in the Eastern Sunda Backarc. The acoustic basement data of DBS consisting of mix between oceanic, continental, and Paleogene volcanic rocks suggesting multiphase deformation caused by the converging between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates.
The seismic and drill-hole data support at least five geologic and tectonic developments of the study area: (1) Some of the Pre-Tertiary basement and economic basement show a compressive regime (subducting and collision); (2) Most of the DBS represents a Paleogene extensional regime (rifting), associated with the backarc passive margin or regional “extrusion tectonic”; (3) This extensional tectonic regime was then inverted to form the”Sunda Fold” structural styles; (4) Downbowing (flexural) of southeast Sunda Shield margin (northern basin margin) to the south along the northern Sunda volcanic ridge; and (5) Backarc fold-thrust zone was formed since Neogene time associated with both the Australian margin-Sunda Arc collision as well as subduction of the Roe Rise (oceanic plateau) in the Sunda Trench south of Bali. The back arc portion of the DBS is currently closing and will form a suture zone in a future stage of development.

LAMPIRAN 2:
PERKEMBANGAN GEOLOGI & TEKTONIK “DOANG BORDERLAND” DAN CEKUNGAN SPERMONDE, LEPAS PANTAI SULAWESI SELATAN, KAWASAN TIMUR INDONESIA (KTI): Implikasi Terhadap Prospek Hidrokarbon
RINGKASAN: “Doang Borderland” terletak di daerah lepas pantai (offshore) sebelah selatan Sulawesi Selatan, Kawasan Timur Indonesia (KTI), membentuk gugusan morfologi tinggian (morphologic high) terdiri dari anjungan (platform) dan punggungan (ridge) yang diselingi (intervening) dan atau dikelilingi (surrounding) oleh daerah depresi terdiri dari palung (trough) dan cekungan (basin), dengan kedalaman dasar laut lebih dari 5000 m (Cekungan Flores).

Dalam konsepsi tektonik dunia baru (new global tektonic), daerah penyelidikan terletak pada pojok timur sistem Paparan Sunda (Sunda Shelf) dari lempeng benua Eurasia (Eurasian continental plate), merupakan zona transisi dari sistem busur belakang Sunda (Sunda back arc system) di sebelah barat menjadi sistem busur Banda (Banda back arc system) di sebelah timurnya.

Sampai saat ini, kebanyakan studi geosain (geoscientific study) di kawasan “Doang Borderland” umumnya dilaksanakan oleh perusahan asing, terutama dalam kerangka eksplorasi migas, dimana data dan informasi aspek kebumian (geoscientific aspect) belum banyak diungkapkan, bahkan sebagian besar diantaranya masih berstatus rahasia (confidential). Didasarkan oleh adanya keterbatasan dalam hal tersedianya (availability) data geologi, geofisika, sumur eksplorasi, ditambah lagi bahwa secara morfologi daerah tersebut mempunyai kedalaman dasar laut (seafloor) yang berkisar antara 200-5000m, maka kawasan “Doang Borderland” dikatagorikan sebagai suatu daerah yang relatif kurang diketahui (frontier region).
Tujuan strategis kegiatan Riset Unggulan Terpadu (RUT-1), yang direkayasa sesuai dengan kebijaksanaan Pembangungan Jangka Panjang Tahap ke II (PJPT II) antara lain: (1) Menginventarisasi dan memperkaya secara nasional database dan informasi aspek geosain kelautan di zona transisi KBI-KTI; (2) Membuka tabir misteri berkaitan dengan asal-usul (origin) dan perkembangan geologi dan tektonik; (3) Mempromosikan kawasan “frontier” di KTI berkaitan dengan pemanfaatan dan pendayagunaan dasar laut (seafloor) dan lapisan dibawahnya (sub-seafloor), khususnya dalam upaya memacu kegiatan eksplorasi migas; dan (4) Merupakan wahana pembinaan sumber daya manusia (SDM), khususnya untuk melakukan kegiatan riset geosain kelautan secara terpadu (integrated) dan mendalam (comprehensive) dengan memanfaatkan dan mendayagunakan tersedianya aset nasional yang ada menyangkut teknologi, infrastruktur, data dan informasi.

Obyektif ilmiah (scientific objective) kegiatan riset “Doang-Spermonde” adalah untuk: (1) memetakan struktur dalam dan dangkal berdasarkan data seismik refleksi; (2) mengembangkan dan menghimpun database geologi dan geofisika secara terpadu, antara lain dengan mengaplikasikan teknologi Sistem Informasi Geografi (SIG); (3) memperjelas tatanan struktur dan stratigrafi, termasuk untuk memperkirakan ujud batuan dasar (basement); (4) mempelajari proses geologi dan tektonik serta pengendali mekanisme (driving force mechanism) yang telah dan sedang berperan dalam membentuk kawasan tersebut; (5) mengkaji prospek hidrokarbon pada daerah yang relatif “frontier”.
Hasil studi di atas akan digunakan sebagai dasar untuk memberikan suatu pertimbangan, saran, dan bimbingan terhadap arah dan kecenderungan yang berkaitan dengan aspek eksplorasi sumber daya migas di kawasan yang relatif “frontier” tersebut.

Strategi Riset yang diterapkan pada Tahun I dan sebagian Tahun II adalah melakukan kompilasi dan kajian terhadap database geologi, dan geofisika yang telah dihasilkan dari penyelidikan terdahulu secara regional. Teknologi Sistem Informasi Geografi (SIG) telah diaplikasikan untuk mendapatkan efisiensi, keakuratan, dan kemudahan dalam teknis pemaduan (integration) data dan informsi tersebut dengan data baru navigasi pada saat pelaksanaan Ekspedisi RUT dengan kapal riset. Dalam kaitan ini, daerah “Doang-Spermonde” secara Morfo-Tektonik ditempatkan sebagai sub-sistem dari tepian tenggara “Sunda Shield” Lempeng Eurasia. Adapun daerah cakupan penelitian pada Tahun I antara lain: Cekungan Makasar di sebelah utara, Cekungan Spermonde di bagian timur, Cekungan Flores di tenggara, dan Cekungan Bali di baratlaut, dan sistem Paparan Sunda di bagian baratnya.

Hasil evaluasi dan analisa yang dilakukan saat ini terhadap data & informasi geologi dan geofisika yang tersedia menunjukkan bahwa kawasan pojok tenggara dari sistem “Sunda Shield” telah dibentuk oleh sekurang-kurangnya empat fase tektonik, yaitu: (1) Tektonik tumbukan (collision tectonic) pada zaman Pra-Tersier berasosiasi pemindahan (emplacement) dan atau pembentukan (formation) batuan kerak samudera (oceanic crust), kerak benua (continental crust), dan cekungan tipe busurmuka (forearc basin), yang selanjutnya diikuti oleh fase kompresi; (2) “Rifting” zaman Paleogen berlangsung pada lingkungan tektonik ekstensi; (3) Pembentukan struktur inversi (zaman Miosen) dalam lingkungan tektonik kompresif tipe “wrench” yang merupakan pengaktifan kembali struktur riff yang sebelumnya terbentuk pada zaman Paleogen; dan (4) “Folding & Thrusthing” dari lingkungan kompresi pada zaman Pliosen Bawah sampai sekarang, yang berlangsung khususnya pada bagian tepian selatan (modem back arc
basin). Informasi berkaitan dengan pemahaman perkembangan dan evolusi tektonik tersebut sangat penting dalam upaya merekonstruksi dan melakukan analisis terhadap kerangka cekungan sedimen (sedimentary basin), khususnya dalam kaitan dengan prospektif sumber daya migas.

Berdasarkan hasil pemelajaran dalam kerangka operasionalisasi RUT-1, untuk sementara dapat disimpulkan bahwa Kawawan “Doang-Borderland” dan sekitarnya diperkirakan masih memiliki peluang untuk dapat dieksplorasi lebih lanjut. Kesimpulan dan pandangan optimistik ini terutama didukung oleh tersedianya elemen penting sebagai pengontrol terdapatnya hidrokarbon, yaitu: (1) Terdapatnya prospektif perangkap (trap) baik berupa struktur (structural trap) dan perangkap stratigrafi (stratigraphic trap) antara lain berupa progradasi karbonat tepian paparan (prograded shelf margin; (2) Dicirikannya dua play yang cukup potensial baik play target dalam dan Play pada target dangkal; (3) Adanya konfigurasi tinggian dan dalaman serta kontrol struktural, memungkinkan terbentuknya “migration path”; (4) Hadirnya rembesan minyak (oil seeps) sebagaimana yang telah dicirikan oleh teknologi Airborne Laser Flourecensor (ALF), menunjukkan adanya proses dapur (kitchen), dimana berlangsung pemasakan hidrokarbon
dan selanjutnya bermigrasi melalui hopotetik sesar-sesar aktif (active faults).

Namun keberadaan sedimen tebal yang dapat bertindak sebagai batuan induk (source rock) masih sangat perlu untuk dipelajari lebih lanjut, terutama dari segi posisinya sebagai “kitchen” dimana untuk dapat terbentuknya hidrokarbon diperlukan kedalaman yang cukup untuk mengimbangi rendahnya gradien temperatur di daerah tersebut.

LAMPIRAN 3:
PROCEEDINGS INDONESIAN PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION, Twenty First Annual Convention, October 1992, THE BALI FLORES BASIN: GEOLOGICAL TRANSITION FROM EXTENSIONAL TO SUBSEQUENT COMPRESSIONAL DEFORMATION

ABSTRACT: Analog and digital seismic reflection and gravity data from different sources, drill holes, and seaMARC II (seafloor mapping system) side scan mosaic data from the Flores Basin, provide an excellent database with which to determine the geologic and tectonic development of the Bali Flores back arc fold-thrust zone. Remarkable continuity of west east structural orientation over 800 km along the Eastern Sunda back arc region suggests a uniformity in direction of convergence between the Indo Australian and Eurasian plates. Westward transition from a well defined accretionary wedge to fold structural styles indicates a westward decrease in the total amount of shortening. The phenomena of back arc thrusting north of Flores can be used as a good model of the initial stage of arc reversal polarity in which the oceanic crust of the Flores Basin is being subducted southward beneath the arc, opposite to the northward subduction of the Australian continental crust along the Timor
Trough. While the Bali Basin represents an excellent modern analog of the initial stage of a foreland fold thrust belt formation, here the Sunda Shelf is down bowed to the south resulting in the compressional deformation along the southern margin of the Bali Basin. The back arc region of the Eastern Sunda arc is currently closing and will form a suture zone in a future stage of development.

Penafsiran Multichannel seicmic: Identifikasi ‘mud diapirsm or mud volcanism’!
Salah satu temuan fenomena: Mud Diapirsm, Mud Volcano, dan ‘Bali Fold’ sebagai implikasi tektonik kompresif terhadap overpressure sediments.

The seismic and drill hole data have supported several geologic and tectonic developments of the study area: (1) most of the northern basin margin represents a Paleocene extensional (rifting) tectonic regime; (2) this extensional tectonic environment was then inverted to form typical “Sunda Fold” structural styles; (3) down bowing (flexural) of the southeast Sunda Shield margin (northern basin margin) occurs to the south beneath the volcanic ridge; and (4) the back arc fold thrust zone formed since Neogene time was associated with both the Australian margin ,Banda arc collision as well as subducting of the Roo Rise (oceanic plateau) in the Sunda Trench south of Bali.

LAMPIRAN 4:
COMPARISON OF THE BONAPARTE BASIN, TIMOR SEA AND SOUTHWEST SULAWESI MARGIN, EASTERN INDONESIABy: Hardi Prasetyo and Chris Pigram

ABSTRACT: Since 1990 Australian Geological Survey Organisation (ASGO) has been collecting deep crystal data (16 sec. TWT record length) along the northwestern margin of Australia to define the structural architecture and the influence of structuring on thelocation, migration and trapping of hydrocarbons in the region. Within the studiesinclude of the Timor Gap Zone of Cooperation (TST-93) cruise, in which Marine Geological Institute (MGI) has been participating.
The Bonaparte Basin in the Timor Sea, NE Australian margin was shaped by two major of Paleozoic and Mesozoic extensional tectonic regimes. The major NW-SE structural trends of Petrel Sub-Basin are formed by the Paleozoic rifting. Overprinted on the Paleozoic basin are the Late Jurassic-Cretaceous rifting caused by the progressive breakup of Gondwanaland which lead to creation of the Wharton Basin o ceanic crust. The Mesozoic grabens and basement highs formed by Mesozoic NE-trending rifting orthogonal to the Paleozoic rifting. This structural trend is parallel to the magnetic lineations in the Argo albyssal plain & South Banda Sea. These morpho structural elements include the Vulcan Sub- basin, Malita Graben, Ashmore and Sahul Platforms, and Londonderry High. The Sahul Syncline is a NW-trending depression developed between the Londoderry High on the west and Sahul Platform to the east, that was also active during this time along a possible Paleozoic transfer zone. The Paleozoic and Mesozoic extensional stadiums were then reactivated at least twice. Once during the Paleogene possibly due to the influence of the separation of Australia from Antartic. Secondly during the Miocene, which have been caused by two possible mechanism: firstly, “interplate deformation” due to collision northern Australian continental margin with island arc to begin the development of the New Guinea Orogen; and secondly, transgression of flexors related to northward underthrusting of Australian continental margin along the Timor Trough. Because complex history, it has been difficult to reconstruct an actualistic tectonic development for the Mesozoic Tertiary development the Australian margin in the Timor Sea region. Here we purpose an analogy with modern tectonic setting of the southeast Sunda shield margin, from Makassar Basin to the north to Bali Basin and Lombok Sub-Basin on the south.

The Sunda shield margin and adjacent regions is comprise of two distinct Paleogene “rift” related structures, NW-SE trending of the Makassar Basin and ENE-oriented of Lombok SubBasin. Like the Timor Sea region, in the SE Sunda shield margin has morphological elements consisting of basement highs (Doang Shelf) with intervening troughs (Doang Trough and Spermode Trough). The Doang Trough, which is analogous to Sahul Syncline, formed as a transfer zone to the Makassar Rift, while the Lombok Sub-Basin may analogous to Vulcan Sub-Basin which is presently the location of major oil fields (Jabiru, Challis, Cassini and Puffin). Other similarities to the Timor Sea can be seen from the existence of reactivation Paleogene extensional faults during Miocene-Pliocene. This structural reactivation was accomodated by invertion structures, along the southern “rift basin” margin, where the most pronounced folding is called as “Sunda Fold” structural styles. This transpressional tectonic regime wasdriven by collision between the Buton continental margin sliver fragments and West Arm of the Sulawesi arc. Normal faults are widely developed in the northern flank of Bali-Lombok back-arc basin as consequence of flexure-related structuring resulting from the downbowing of the Sunda shield margin to the south. The southern margin of the modern Bali-Lombok Basin is represented as an initial stage of foreland thrusts-folds formation.

5 Responses leave one →
  1. November 30, -0001

    Yang Terhormat Bapak/Ibu yang sangat kami hormati dan banggakan dimanapun berada.

    BENANG MERAH:
    1) Kami sedanga mengembangkan LUSI LIBRARY, PERPUSTAKAAN LUSI yang ingin menghimpun informasi, knowledge terkait langsung dengan Mud Volcano Lusi;
    2) Gagasan Inovasi telah mendapatkan sambutan positif, beberapa ‘Superstar’ Kebumian dari manca negara telah mulai mengkontribusikan, dengan prioritas pertama PUBLISHED PAPERS/ARTICLES;
    3) Prof. Dr. Eli Silver, adalah Promotor kami saat menjalani perjuangan menyusun Disertasi Phd di University of California Santa Cruz, mengenai kapasitas atau kepiawiannya kami tidak memberikan komentar;
    4) Kami sampaikan daftar karya-karyanya, beberapa sudah akan menjadi koleksi LUSI LIBRARY yang sedang kami kembangkan, sehingga mempunyai perlindungan Hak Intelektual;
    5) Permintaan makalah dapat disampaikan pada LUSI LIBRARY sementara email hardiprasetyo9@gmail.com untuk disampaikan ke bersangkutan di USCS;
    Mudah-mudahan upaya ini dapat meningkatkan kekayaan intelektual bagi Geologist atau Mahasiswa S1-S3 yang memerlukan.
    Salam Hormat

    Prof. Dr. Hardi Prasetyo
    Bapel BPLS
    Kujungi http://www.bpls.go.id lokasi sementara LUSI LIBRARY dalam proses embrio kelahirannya.

    INTRODUCING OF CONTRIBUTOR TO LUSI LIBRARY, OCTOBER 2010

    Reviewed and Compiled by Prof. Dr. Hardi Praseyo
    The LUSI LIBRARY inisiator as part of Profesionnal Activity
    as the Research Professor at BPLS, Surabaya, Indonesia

    Prof.Dr. Eli A. Silver
    Silver, E. A., Breen, N. A., Prasetyo, H., and Hussong, D. M., Multibeam study of the Flores backarc thrust belt, Indonesia, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91:3489-3500.

    One most valuable of total 6 published papers that have been submitted and contributed by Prof. Eli Silver to the LUSI LIBRARY, with the main reasons are: (1) the tectonic setting close to Lusi Mud Volcano, (2) identification of mud diapir and mud volcano phenomenon in the Flores Thrust Belt System, and (3) to be integrated with the ‘Bali-Lombok Basin’ published paper by Hardi Prasetyo at the Indonesian Petroleum Association, in which Hardi had identified a well-defined the existence of mud diapir and mud volcano within that back arc basin, posted at the LUSI LIBRARY.
    http://www.es.ucsc.edu/personnel/Silver/silverpubs.pdf

    Below is a snapshot of the Web page as it appeared on 10/16/2010. This is the version of the page that was used for ranking your search results. The page may have changed since it was last cached. To see what might have changed (without the highlights), go to the current page.
    You searched for: eli silver Indonesia We have highlighted matching words that appear in the page below.
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    ELI A. SILVER Professor Department of Earth Sciences
    WRITING AND CREATIVE ACTIVITIES IN PROGRESS
    Sweet, S., and Silver, E.A., Tectonics and slumping in the source region of the 1998 Papua New Guinea tsunami from seismic reflection images, PAGEOPH (in press).
    Wallace, L., Silver, E.A., McCaffrey, R., Stevens, C., GPS constraints on active tectonics and arc-continent collision in Papua New Guinea (in preparation) 2003 Wallace, L. Silver, E.A., Webster, J., Gallup, C., Riker-Coleman, K., Potts, D., Varying effective elastic thickness of lower plate in an arc-continent collision: Huon Gulf, Papua New Guinea (in preparation)
    PUBLISHED WRITINGS AND CREATIVE ACTIVITIES Edited Books:
    Silver, E.A., et al., Proc. ODP Sci Results, 170, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program) 1997 Kimura, G., Silver, E., Blum, P., et al., 1997. Proc.
    ODP, Init. Repts., 170: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 458 pp. 1991 Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., von Breymann, et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results., 124: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 582 pp. 1990
    Rangin, C., Silver, E.A., von Breymann, M. et al., Leg 124, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, v. 124, College Station, TX, 916 pp.
    1978 Silver, E.A., and Normark, W.R., editors, San Gregorio-Hosgri Fault Zone, California, California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 137, 56 pp.
    Articles in Professional Journals:
    2002 Synolakis, C., Bardet, J., Borrero, J., Davies, H., Okal, E., Silver, E., Sweet, S., and Tappin, D., The slump origin of the 1998 Papua New Guinea tsunami, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 458:763- 789.
    2002 Martini, B.M. and Silver, E.A., The evolution and present state of tree-kills on Mammoth Mt., CA: Tracking Volcanogenic CO2 and its lethal effects. Summaries of the Eleventh JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop. March 5-8, 2002.
    2001 Martini, B.A., Silver, E.A., Potts, W.C. (2001). Hyperspectral imaging in Long Valley Caldera: issues of spatial resolution, scale, and signal-to-noise and their importance for active volcanic monitoring efforts. Summaries of the Tenth JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop.
    February 27-March 2, 2002 2000 Silver, E.A., Synthesis of Leg 170, Costa Rica Margin, Proc. ODP, Sci Results., 170: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program)
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 2
    2000 Saffer, D. M., Silver, E.A., Fisher, A.T., Tobin, H., and Moran, K., Inferred pore pressures at the Costa Rica subduction zone: Implications for dewatering processes Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 177:193-207.
    2000 Silver, E.A., Kastner, M., Fisher, A.T., Morris, J., McIntosh, K.D., and Saffer, D.M., Fluid flow paths in the Middle America Trench and Costa Rica margin, Geology, 28:679-682.
    2000 Merton, R.N., and Silver, E.A., Tracking vegetation spectral trajectories with multi-temporal hysteresis models, AVIRIS-JPL conference proceedings.
    2000 Martini, B.A., Silver, E.A., Potts, D.C., Pickles, W.L., Geological and Geobotanical Studies of Long Valley Caldera, CA, USA Utilizing New 5m Hyperspectral Imagery Proceedings of the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium July 2000.
    2000 Martini, B.A., Silver, E.A., Potts, D.C., Pickles, W.L., Geological and Geobotanical Studies of Long Valley Caldera, CA, USA Utilizing New 5m Hyperspectral Imagery Proceedings of the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium July 2000.
    1999 Wells, M., Vallis, G., and Silver, E., Influence of tectonic processes in Papua New Guinea on past productivity in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 398:601-604.
    1998 Stevens, C., McCaffrey, R., Silver, E., Zombo, Z., English, P., and van der Kevie, J., Mid- crustal detachment and ramp faulting in the Markham Valley, Papua New Guinea, Geology, 26:847- 850.
    1997 Galewsky, J., and Silver, E.A., Tectonic controls on facies transitions in an oblique collision: the Western Solomon Sea, Papua New Guinea, Geol. Soc. Amer. bull., 109:1266-1278.
    1997 Whitmore, G. P., Johnson, D.P., Crook, K.A.W., Galewsky, J., and Silver, E.A., Convergent margin extension associated with arc-continent collision: The Finsch Deep, Papua New Guinea, Tectonics, 16:77-87.
    1997 Abbott, L.D., Silver, E.A., Anderson, R.S., Smith, R.B., Ingle, J.C., Kling, S.A., Haig, D., Small, E., Galewsky, J., and Sliter, W., Measurement of the tectonic uplift rate in a young collisional mountain belt, Finisterre Range, Papua New Guinea Nature,, 385:501-507.
    1996 Silver, E.A., and Rangin, C., Origin and history of the Sulu and Celebes basins: ODP Leg 124, in G.P. Salisbury and A.C. Salisbury, eds., Fifth Circum-Pacific Energy and Mineral Resources Conference Transactions, Gulf Publishing Co., TX, 51-60.
    1996 Galewsky, J., Silver, E.A., Gallup, C.D., Edwards, R.L., Potts, D.C., Foredeep Tectonics and carbonate platform dynamics in the Huon Gulf, Papua New Guinea, Geology, 24:819-822.
    1996 McAdoo, B.G., Orange, D.L., Silver, E.A., McIntosh, K.D., Abbott, L.D., Galewsky, J., Kahn, L.M, and Protti, M., Seafloor structural observations, Costa Rica accretionary prism, Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 883-886.
    1996 Kahn, L.M., Silver, E.A., Orange, D.L., Kochevar, R., and McAdoo, B.G., Surficial evidence of fluid expulsion from the Costa Rica accretionary prism, Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 887- 890.
    1996 Langseth, M.G., and Silver, E.A., The Nicoya convergent margin – a region of exceptionally low heat flow, Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 891-894.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 3
    1996 McIntosh, K.D., and Silver, E.A., Using 3D seismic reflection data to find fluid seeps from the Costa Rica accretionary prism, Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 895-898.
    1994 Abbott, L.D., Silver, E.A., Thompson, P.R., Filiwicz, M., Schneider, C., and Abdorrias, Stratigraphic constraints on the development and timing of arc-continent collision in northern Papua New Guinea, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 124:169-183.
    1994 Abbott, L.D., Silver, E.A., and Galewsky, J., Structural evolution of a modern arc-continent collision in Papua New Guinea, Tectonics, 13:1007-1034.
    1993 McIntosh, K.D., Silver, E.A., and Shipley, T.H., Evidence and Mechanisms for forearc extension at the accretionary Costa Rica convergent margin, Tectonics, 12:1380-1392.
    1992 Shipley, T.H., McIntosh, K.D., Silver, E.A., and Stoffa, P.L., Three-dimensional seismic imaging of the Costa Rica accretionary prism: structural diversity in the lower slope, J. Geophys. Res., 97:4439-4459.
    1992 Bernstein-Taylor, B.L., Brown, K.M., Silver, E.A., and Kirchoff-Stein, K.S., Basement slivers within the New Britain accretionary wedge: Implications for the emplacement of some ophiolite slivers, Tectonics, 11:753-765.
    1992 Bernstein-Taylor, B.L., Kirchoff-Stein, K.S., Silver, E.A., Reed, D.L., and Mackay, M., Large scale duplexes within the New Britain accretionary wedge: A possible example of accreted ophiolite slivers, Tectonics, 11:732-752.
    1991 McIntosh, K.D., Reed, D.L., Silver, E.A., and Meltzer, A., Deep structure and structural inversion along the central California continental margin from EDGE seismic profile RU-3, Journal of Geophysical Research, 96:6459-6473.
    1991 Abbott, L.D., and Silver, E.A., Geology of the southern Finisterre mountains: A case history of modern arc-continent collision, in Proceedings of the PNG Geology, Exploration and Mining Conference, Rabaul, Papua New Guinea, 1-7, edited by R. Rogerson.
    1991 Smith, R.B., and Silver, E.A., Geology of a Miocene Collision Complex, Buton, Eastern Indonesia, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103:660-678.
    1991 Silver, E.A., Abbott, L., Kirchoff-Stein, K.S., Reed, D.L., Bernstein, B.L., and Hilyard, D., Collision propagation in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Sea, Tectonics, 10:863-874.
    1991 Stoffa, P.L., Shipley, T.H., Dean, D.F., Kessinger, W., Rigmor, E., Silver, E.A., Reed, D.L., and Aguilar, A., Three-Dimensional seismic imaging of the Costa Rica Accretionary wedge: Field program and migration examples, J. Geophys. Res., 96:21,693-21,712.
    1990 Reed, D.L., Silver, E.A., Tagudin, J.E., Shipley, T.H., and Vrolijk, P., Relations between submarine mud volcanoes, gas hydrates, sediment deposition, and thrust belt development, offshore northern Panama, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 7, 44-54.
    1990 Silver, E.A., Reed, D.L., Tagudin, J.E., and Heil, D.J., Implications of the North Panama thrust belt for the origin of the Panama orocline, Tectonics, 9, 261-281.
    1990 Silver, E.A., and Rangin, C., Leg 124 of the Ocean Drilling Program, Geophysical Research Letters, 17:2059-2060.
    1989 Breen, N.A., Silver, E.A., and Roof, S., The Wetar back arc thrust belt, eastern Indonesia: Accretion against an irregularly shaped arc, Tectonics, v. 8, p. 85-98.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 4
    1989 Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., and the scientific party of Leg 124, , JOIDES RESOLUTION probes marginal basins in southeast Asia, Nature, v. 338, p. 380-381.
    1989 Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., and the scientific party of Leg 124, Leg 124 drills southeast Asian marginal basins, Geotimes, 34, 15-17, 1989.
    1989 Rangin, C., Silver, E., et al., Forages dans les bassins marginaux du SE asiatique: resultats preliminaires du leg 124 (Ocean Drilling Program), C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 307, Serie II, 1333- 1339.
    1988 Silver, E. A., and Reed, D. L., Backthrusting in Accretionary Wedges, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, p. 3116-3126.
    1988 Breen, N. A., Reed, D. L., Tagudin, J., and Silver, E. A., Mud-cored parallel folds and possible melange development in the North Panama Thrust belt, Geology, v. 16, p. 207-210.
    1987 Reed, D. L., Meyer, A. W., Silver, E. A., and Prasetyo, H., Deep current circulation as a mechanism for forearc sedimentation in an intraoceanic island arc, Indonesia, Marine Geology, v. 76, p. 223-241.
    1986 Moore, J. C., and Silver, E. A., Continental margin tectonics: Submarine accretionary prisms, Reviews of Geophysics, v. 25, p. 1305-1312.
    1986 Silver, E. A., Breen, N. A., Prasetyo, H., and Hussong, D. M., Multibeam study of the Flores backarc thrust belt, Indonesia, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91:3489-3500.
    1986 Silver, E.A., and Breen, N.A., Structure of the Vakhsh fold-and-thrust belt, Tadjik SSR: Geologic mapping on a Landsat image base: Discussion, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., v. 97, p. 906.
    1986 Breen, N. A., Silver, E. A., and Hussong, D. M., Structural styles in an accretionary wedge south of the island of Sumba, Indonesia, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., v. 97, p. 1250-1261.
    1986 Reed, D.L., Silver, E.A., Prasetyo, H., and Meyer, A.W., Deformation and sedimentation along a developing terrane suture: eastern Sunda forearc, Indonesia, Geology, 14, 1000-1003.
    1986 Silver, E.A., Breen, N.A., Ellis, M.J., and Shipley, T.H., Reply to Comment on “Comments on the growth of accretionary wedges”, Geology, v. 14, p. 185-186.
    1985 Silver, E. A., Ellis, M. J., Breen, N. A., and Shipley, T.O., Growth of accretionary wedges, Geology, 13:6-9.
    1985 Silver, E. A., Gill, J.B., Schwartz, D., Prasetyo, H., and Duncan, R. A., Evidence of a submerged and displaced continental Borderland, North Banda Sea, Indonesia, Geology, 13:687-691.
    1983 Silver, E. A., and Smith, R. B., A comparison of terrane accretion in modern SE Asia and the Mesozoic North American Cordillera: Geology, 11:198-202.
    1983 Silver, E. A., McCaffrey, R., Joyodiwiryo, Y., and S. Stevens, Ophiolite emplacement by collision between the Sula Platform and the Sulawesi Island arc, Indonesia: Journal of Geophysical Research, 88:9419-9435.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 5
    1983 Silver, E. A., McCaffrey, R., and Smith, R. B., Collision, rotation, and the initiation of subduction in the evolution of Sulawesi, Indonesia: Journal of Geophysical Research, 88:9407- 9418.
    1983 Silver, E.A., Reed, D., McCaffrey, R., and Joyodiwiryo, Y., Backarc thrusting in the Eastern Sunda Arc, Indonesia: A consequence of Arc-Continent collision: Journal of Geophysical Research, 88:7429-7448.
    1982 Moore, G. F. and Silver, E. A., Collision processes in the Northern Molucca Sea, in Hayes, D. E., ed., The geology and tectonics of east and southeast Asian seas: Part 2, American Geophysical Union Monograph 27, 360-372.
    1981 Silver, E. A., A new tectonic map of the Molucca Sea and east Sulawesi, Indonesia, with implications for hydrocarbon potential and metallogeneis: in, The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia, Tjokrosapoetro, S., and Barber, A.J., eds., Geological Research and Development Center Special Publication 2:343-348.
    1981 Silver, E. A., A new tectonic map of the Molucca Sea and east Sulawesi, Indonesia, with implications for hydrocarbon potential and metallogeneis: in, The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia, Tjokrosapoetro, S., and Barber, A.J., eds., Geological Research and Development Center Special Publication 2:343-348.
    1980 Silver, E. A. and Beutner, E. C., Melanges – Penrose Conference report: Geology, 8:32-34.
    1980 McCaffrey, R., Silver, E. A. and Raitt, R. W., , Crustal structures of the Molucca Sea collision zone, Indonesia: in, Hayes, D. E., ed., Geologic/Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia, AGU Geophysical Monograph 23:161-177.
    1979 Page, B.M., Wagner, H.C., McCulloch, D.S., Silver, E.A., and Spotts, J.H., Tectonic interpretation of a geologic section of the continental margin off San Luis Obispo, the southern Coast Ranges, and the San Joaquin Valley, California: Cross-section summary, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 90:808-812.
    1978 Silver, E. A., Geophysical studies and tectonic development of the continental margin off the western United States, 34 degrees to 48 degrees N: in Geol. Soc. America Memoir 152, Smith, R. B. and Eaton, G. P., eds., p. 251-262.
    1978 Silver, E. A. and Moore, J. C., The Molucca Sea collision zone, Indonesia: Jour. Geophys. Res., 83:1681-1681.
    1978 Blake, M. C., Campbell, R. H., Dibblee, T. H., Howell, D. G., Nilsen, T. H., Normark, W. R., Vedder, J. G., and Silver, E. A., Neogene basin formation and hydrocarbon accumulation in relation to the plate tectonic evolution of the San Andreas fault system, California: Amer. Assoc. Petroleum Geol. Bull., 62:344-372.
    1978 Silver, E. A., The San Gregorio-Hosgri fault zone: An overview: Calif. Div. Mines and Geol. Special Publ. 137, p. 1-2, Silver, E. A. and Normark, W. R., Editors.
    1978 Silver, E. A., Joyodiwiryo, Y., and McCaffrey, R., Gravity results and emplacement geometry of the Sulawesi ultramafic belt, Indonesia: Geology 6:527-531.
    1975 Silver, E. A., Case, J. E., and MacGillavry, H. J., Geophysical study of the Venezuelan borderland: Geol. Soc. America Bull., 86:213-226.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 6
    1974 Silver, E. A., von Huene, R., Crouch, J. K., Tectonic significance of the Kodiak-Bowie seamount chain, Northeastern Pacific: Geology, 2:247-l50.
    1974 Silver, E. A., Detailed near-bottom geophysical profile across the continental slope off northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Journal of Research, 2:563-567.
    1973 Dalrymple, G. B., Silver, E. A., and Jackson, E. D., Origin of the Hawaiian Islands: American Scientist, 61:294-308. 1972 Silver, E. A. and others, USGS-IDOE Leg 4, Venezuelan borderland: Geotimes, 17:19-21.
    1972 Silver, E. A., Subduction zones: Not relevant to present-day problems of waste disposal: Letter, Nature, 239:330-331.
    1972 Silver, E. A., Pleistocene tectonic accretion of the continental slope off Washington: Mar. Geol., 13:239-249.
    1972 Jackson, E. D., Silver, E. A., and Dalrymple, G. B., Hawaiian-Emperor chain and its relation to Cenozoic Circumpacific tectonics: Geol. Soc. America Bull., 83:601-618.
    1971 Silver, E. A., Transitional tectonics and Late Cenozoic structure of the continental margin off northernmost California: Geol. Soc. America Bull., 82:1-22.
    1971 Silver, E. A., Tectonics of the Mendocino Triple Junction: Geol. Soc. America Bull. 82:2965-2978.
    1971 Silver, E. A., Small plate tectonics of the northeastern Pacific: Geol. Soc. America Bull., 82:3491-34966.
    1969 Silver, E. A., Late Cenozoic underthrusting of the continental margin of northernmost California: Science, 166:1265-1266.
    1968 Moore, G. W., and Silver, E. A., Geology of the Klamath River Delta, California: U. S. Geological Survey Prof. Paper 600-C:C144-C148.
    1967 Uyeda, S., Vaquier, V.,m Yasui, M., Sclater, J., Saito, T., Lawson, J., Watanabe, T., Dixon, F., Silver, E., Fukao, Y., Sudo, K., Nishikawa, M, and Tanaka, T, Results of geomagnetic survey during the cruise of R/V Argo in western Pacific 1966 and the compilation of magnetic charts of the same area, Tokyo Univ. Earthquake Res. Bull., 45:815-848.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 7
    Chapters in Books:
    1995 Silver, E.A., Galewsky, J., and McIntosh, K.D., Variation in structure, style, and driving mechanism of adjoining segments of the north Panama deformed belt, in P. Mann, ed., Geology of Central America, Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 295 , p. 225-233.
    1995 Reed, D.L., and Silver, E.A., Orogenic sedimentation and accretionary growth of the north Panama deformed belt, in P. Mann, ed., Geology of Central America, Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 295, p. 213-223.
    1995 Rangin, C., Silver, E.A., and Tamaki, K., Closure of Western Pacific marginal basins: Rupture of oceanic crust and the emplacement of ophiolites, Active Margins and Marginal Basins of the Western Pacific, B. Taylor and J. Natland, eds, Geophys. Monograph 88, American Geophys. Union, 405-417.
    1991 Silver, E.A., and Rangin, C., Leg 124 Tectonic Synthesis, in Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., von Breymann, et al., 1991. Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 124:3-9, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).
    1991 Silver, E.A., and Rangin, C., Development of the Celebes sea basin in the context of western Pacific marginal basin evolution, in Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., von Breymann, et al., 1991. Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 124:39-49, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).
    1991 Rangin, C., and Silver, E.A., Neogene tectonic evolution of the Celebes-Sulu basins: New insights from Leg 124 drilling, in Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., von Breymann, et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 124:51-63, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).
    1991 Kirchoff-Stein, K.S., Silver, E.A., Barton, C., and Jarrard, R., Results of Borehole Televiewer observations in the Sulu and Celebes seas, in Silver, E.A., Rangin, C., von Breymann, et al., 1991. Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 124:105-118, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).
    1990 Rangin, C., and Silver, E., Geological setting of the Celebes and Sulu seas, in Rangin, C., Silver, E.A., von Breymann, M. et al., Leg 124, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, 124, College Station, TX, 35-42. Book Reviews: The Geology of Continental Margins, C.A. Burk and C.L. Drake (Editors), in Tectonophysics, v. 34, p. 269-270,
    1976. Trench-Forearc Geology, J.K. Leggett (Editor), in Geology. Marginal Basins, Kokelaar, B.P., and Howells, M.F. (Editors), in American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. Geodynamic Map of the Circum-Pacific Region, Addicott, W.O., Coordinator, in Geology, v. 14, p. 95. The Geology of China, Zuni, Y., Yuqi, C., and Hongzhen, W., in American Scientist. Plate Tectonics: How it Works, Cox, A., and Hart, B.H., in Palaeos. Gondwana and Tethys, Audley-Charles, M.G., and Hallam, A., (Editors), in American Scientist.
    Cumulative Bio-Bibliography 8
    Other:
    1968 Moore, G. W., and Silver, E. A., Gold distribution on the sea floor off the Klamath Mountains, California: U. S. Geological Survey Circ. 605, 9 p.
    1971 Silver, E. A., Curray, J. R., and Cooper, A. K., Tectonic development of the continental margin off Central Calif., Geological Society of Sacramento, Annual Field Trip Guidebook, p. 1-10.
    1974 Silver, E. A., Geometrical principles of plate tectonics: in San Joaquin Geological Soc. Short Course, Geological Interpretations from global tectonics with applications for Calif. geology and petroleum exploration, W. R. Dickinson, ed., p. 1-1 to 1-3.
    1974 Silver, E. A., Basin development along translational continental margins: in San Joaquin Geological Soc. Short Course, Geological interpretations from global tectonics with applications for California geology and petroleum exploration, W. R. Dickinson, ed., p. 6-1 to 6-5.
    1974 Silver, E. A., Evolution of the San Andreas fault system: in San Joaquin Geological Soc. Short Course, Geological interpretations from global tectonics with applications for Calif. geology and petroleum exploration, W. R. Dickinson, ed., p. 12-1 to 12-5.
    1979 Page, B.M., Wagner, H.C., McCulloch, D.S., Silver, E.A., and Spotts, J.H., Geologic cross section of the continental margin off San Luis Obispo, the southern Coast Ranges, and the San Joaquin Valley, California, Geol. Soc. Amer. Map and Chart series, MC-28G, scale 1:250,000.
    1980 Oliver, H.W., Chapman, R.H., Biehler, S., Robbins, S.L., Hanna, W.F., Griscom, A., Beyer, L.A., and Silver, E.A., Gravity Map of California and its Continental Margin, California Div. Mines and Geol., 1:750,000 scale.
    1980, Silver, E.A., Offshore central and northern California, in H.W. Oliver, Ed., Interpretation of the Gravity Map of California and its Continental Margin, Calif. Div. Mines and Geol., Bulletin 205, 22-24.
    1988 Rogerson, R., Hilyard, D., and Silver, E.A., Excursion guide to the Papua New Guinea Collision Zone, Geol. Survey Papua New Guinea Report 88/17, 98 pp. 1988 Silver, E.A., Helium line in the Banda Arc (News and Views), Nature, 342, 856-857.
    1997 Silver, E., and the Leg 170 Scientific Party, Complete sediment subduction and implications of fluid flow in the Middle America Trench off Costa Rica, JOIDES Journal, 4 pp.
    1998 Fisher, A, Underwood, D., Erskine, J., Duey, J., Lewis, S., Silver, E., Gill, J., and Narisimhan, N., Geological, geophysical and hydrological characterization of shallow aquifers and confining layers near the OU2 landfill, former Fort Ord, CA, Final report of the Fort Ord Landfill demonstration project, 250 pp.

  2. April 18, 2008

    Horas Prof. Hardi,
    Saya sependapat bahwa pengalaman dan kiprah P Hardi dan P Herry Haryono dkk pada musibah KM Tampomas II yang lalu telah memberikan inspirasi baru yaitu ditemukannya Cekungan Spermonde yang berpotensi migas, dan saat ini cekungan tersebut merupakan salah satu target eksplorasi migas lepas pantai yang cukup menjanjikan.
    Demikian pula jika fenomena semburan lumpur Porong beserta segala multi dampak yang ditimbulkannya, jika dimaknai positip bahwa dibalik musibah ini akan mengilhami inspirasi baru para saintis kebumian untuk menemukan fakta-fakta baru (new fact findings) tentang konsepsi geologi bawah permukaan yang kelak justru memberikan kemasylahatan serta kesejahteraan bagi masyarakat setempat.
    Harapan kami kiranya P Hardi dkk BPLS diberikan kekuatan, hiadayah serta kelebihan ilmu agar memperoleh solusi penanggulangan yang elegan sehingga masyarakat, alam serta lingkungannya, pada gilirannya nanti memperoleh makna positip dibalik musibah ini.

    Selamat bekerja dan berkarya nyata……

  3. novie permalink
    July 12, 2008

    P. Masalembo adalah pulau yang indah nan elok

  4. September 22, 2008

    em….
    menarik!

  5. yanto r sumantri permalink
    October 26, 2009

    Hardi , selamat !!!! Saya fikir Anda sudah jadi birokrat 100 % , ternyata masihseorang scientist yang handal. Kita tunggu tulisannya , kalu bisa suatu kesimpulan mangenai Lusi.

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